Articles in Category: Logistics

A Washington, D.C. federal judge refused Monday to halt construction and drilling on the recently approved, eight-mile final stage of the Dakota Access pipeline, rejecting the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe’s plea for a temporary restraining order to ostensibly protect a religiously and culturally significant lake.

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A similar challenge was rejected by another federal judge last year.

Philippines Environment Czar Cancels 75 Mining Contracts

The Philippines’  Environment Ministry, under the direction of Environment and Natural Resources Secretary Regina Lopez, on Tuesday ordered the cancellation of 75 mining contracts, stepping up a campaign to stop extraction of resources in sensitive areas after earlier shutting more than half of the country’s operating mines, Reuters reported. The contracts are all in watershed zones, with many in the exploration stage.

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They cover projects not yet in production and the latest action by Lopez suggests she will not allow them to be developed further. The move turns up the heat in her battle with the mining sector after she ordered the closure of 23 of the country’s 41 mines earlier this month on environmental grounds.

The Trump administration is reportedly considering an executive order that would suspend the conflict minerals rule of the Dodd-Frank banking regulation bill.

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The conflict mineral rule requires reporting of supply chains to enforce a ban on tin, tantalum, tungsten and gold from the Democratic Republic of the Congo. It’s backed by human-rights groups but many businesses say the rule, as is, requires a swath of industries to investigate whether their products contain metals that could have been sold by armed groups so far down their supply chains that it’s impossible to tell where it came from. Reporting has been spotty even under the current rules.

The proposed executive action, drafted last week and reviewed Wednesday by The Wall Street Journal, would suspend the conflict-minerals rule for two years. Business groups have fought the rule in court, saying its requirements are costly and burdensome.

US Sells Crude Oil From Strategic Reserve

10 million barrels of crude from the U.S.’s strategic reserve are scheduled to be sold later this month, the Department of Energy said.

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The shipment is part of a total 25 million barrels, to be sold over a period of three years, as per the 21st Century Cures Act, signed in December last year.

Initial panic in India over reports of an executive order to be signed by U.S. President Donald J. Trump tightening the non-immigrant H-1B visa regime has subsided. Outsourcers, primarily from India, are the top recipients of H-1B visas, managing the technology departments of large U..S corporations with imported staff.

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From anxiety, the mood here has now dropped to a “wait and see” one. The Government of India has tried to allay fears by saying no such executive order has been passed and Foreign Ministry spokesman Vikas Swarup explained to the media that three private bills in the matter had been introduced in the U.S. House of Representatives, adding that such bills had been introduced in the past, too, and the mere introduction of them is nothing new. For now, the government does not want to say anything more, since the bills have to go through the full Congressional process.

Panic at the IT Department

Analysts say the panic was natural since news about the likely change in the H-1B visa rules came soon after the new President banned refugees and travelers from seven predominantly Muslim countries from traveling to the U.S. (the travel ban has since been temporarily lifted by a temporary restraining order from a federal judge). Read more

OPEC’s oil output fell by more than 1 million barrels per day (bpd) January, a Reuters survey recently found, pointing to a strong start by the exporter group in implementing its first supply cut deal in eight years.

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The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries agreed to cut its output by about 1.2 million bpd from Jan. 1 to prop up oil prices and reduce a supply glut.

“Trump puts pressure on Lockheed Martin over cost of F-35” says the Financial Times.

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Well, we don’t have a problem with that. These defense contracts are notorious for overrunning budgets and, although to be fair to the contractors, the overruns are as often due to the buyer changing specifications as they are to the manufacturer mismanaging the project. At least that’s the case here in the U.K., and I don’t doubt it’s the same in the U.S.

Poor Lockheed Martin. The president-elect doesn’t love its F-35 Lightning II. I guess no one appreciates air superiority anymore. Even five generations in. Source: Adobe Stock/Spacekris.

But — and this is the big but — whoever is to blame, the fact is it is you and me, the taxpayer, that picks up the tab for these overruns and we aren’t talking a few dollars. It’s billions. Billions that could be spent on other defense equipment or roads, schools, research and development, etc. So, if the new president-to-be is intent on reducing this waste, then good for him. The issue is how you achieve that. Read more

Dr. Nicholas Garrett is a Director of RCS Global and an internationally recognized expert in the company’s six core work areas: supply chain due diligence and conflict minerals compliance, transparency, artisanal and small-scale mining, responsible supply chains, human rights and public policy and institutional reform. He has worked on more than 50 projects for over 10 years and regularly advises a range of clients, including AngloGold Ashanti, AVX, the EITI, Nokia, the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Trafigura, the World Bank, and the World Gold Council, the British, German, Japanese and U.S. governments, the World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF) and World Vision. MetalMiner welcomes his perspective on conflict minerals compliance.

A lack of clarity on how and when key provisions of Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act will be fully implemented is leaving downstream businesses in limbo — many of whom are looking to enhance their minerals sourcing compliance.

Conflict Minerals Flowchart

RCS Global’s simple IPSA flowchart. Source: RCS Global.

When passed, the implications of Dodd-Frank 1502 looked game-changing, significantly increasing the obligations on downstream companies using “conflict minerals,” but following an upheld appeal, the requirement to undertake an audit under Dodd-Frank 1502 is in stasis, leaving many companies either unsure as to how to validate their compliance obligations linked to the bill, or whether they should even attempt to validate at all.

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Nevertheless, at some point in the not too distant future, more than 6,000 Securities and Exchange Commission issuers producing products containing tantalum, tin, tungsten and gold — better known as the 3TG — will be forced to make significant efforts to improve transparency, monitoring and oversight of their supply chains, and ultimately determine the source of the materials in a vast range of everyday products. Read more

The Obama administration slammed the brakes on the Dakota Access pipeline on Sunday, refusing to issue a required easement from the Army Corps of Engineers while saying it will conduct a more stringent environmental review to consider alternate routes and consult further with the Standing Rock Sioux tribe, which has bitterly opposed the project.

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However, the 1,172-mile pipeline may not be dead in its current form. Nearly all of the pipeline has been completed except a few miles that are planned to flow underneath the Missouri River and the manmade Lake Oahe in North Dakota. The Army has said they will ask Energy Transfer Partners, the developer of the pipeline, to consider alternative routes and said that would be best accomplished through an environmental impact statement with full public input and analysis.

The Army Corps had actually approved the easement back in June but stepped in again after a federal judge dismissed a lawsuit by the Standing Rock Sioux whose reservation is near Lake Oahe. President-elect Donald Trump came out in support of completing the pipeline as planned last week and his administration could, potentially, undo these recent actions by the Obama administration.

India’s mining sector has the potential to contribute as much as $70 billion to the country’s economy by 2030 and generate about 6 to 7 million jobs, believes the country’s industry association, the Confederation of Indian Industry.

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A report titled, Mining Opportunities – Realizing Potential was recently released by the CII, though with an added a cautionary note: clearances “still remain an impediment for a smooth transition from auction stage to implementation stage.”

Mining Reforms Having an Effect

The current Modi government initiated reforms in the mining sector, which underperformed during the previous regime, many say, due to red tape. One of the most important steps was the clearance of the National Mineral Exploration Policy (NMEP) by the government in.

NMEP has the following main features for facilitating exploration in the country:

  1. The Ministry of Mines will carry out auctioning of identified exploration blocks for exploration by the private sector on a revenue-sharing basis. If exploration leads to auctionable resources, the revenue will be borne by the successful bidder of those auctionable blocks.
  2. Creation of baseline geoscientific data as a public good for open dissemination free of charge.
  3. A National Geoscientific Data Repository was supposed to be set up to collate all baseline and mineral exploration information generated by various central and state government agencies and also mineral concession holders and to maintain these on a geospatial database.

While these policy changes have been welcomed overall, there has been some criticism over the implementation. The CII report, for example, talks of the “inordinately long time that is required for obtaining this clearance and the cumbersome process involved therein.”

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The report was recently released at the International Mining and Machinery (IMME) and Global Summit 2016. It said that the Environment and Forest clearance processes take a long time and added that there was significant room for improvement in the clearance system in terms of efficiency, speed of decision making, predictability and transaction.

There’s also unexpected criticism from another quarter on the new mining policy. A report in the DNA newspaper, quoting global miner Anglo American PLC, said the Indian auction system discourages foreign direct investment as the auction process does not provide adequate risk-reward incentive.

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In the report, John Vann, group head of exploration at Anglo, said the auction system makes it difficult to see India competing with other countries where Anglo American invests. According to him, the granting of licenses rather than auctioning off mines would give confidence to foreign investors.

Dutch 3D printing technology firm MX3D is close to beginning construction on its stainless steel, 3D-printed pedestrian bridge in Amsterdam.

We wrote about the bridge and its design in 2015. MX3D Co-Founder and CMO Gijs van der Velden recently explained to me at the Autodesk University trade show in Las Vegas where the project is at and why they expect construction (via giant welder robots who will weld individual parts “printed” in mX3D’s facility together) to start in early 2017.

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“We’re at the point where we’ve printed every critical part of the bridge and all we need is approval from the engineers,” van der Velden said. “Our design is quite elaborate and all the diameters change everywhere and we use 3D printed parts. We’re getting pretty close and once they approve we have agreed with the City government that once we do a full load-bearing test it will be acceptable. It’s not the normal procedure but the city was very helpful in accommodating us.”

The bridge, which will be made of stainless steel 316 alloy, will be installed in a public park in Amsterdam and cross one of the city’s famous canals.

yoders_MX3D_stainless_bridge_550_112816

One of the stainless steel supports of MX3D’s 3D-printed pedestrian bridge that will soon be assembled and welded together in Amsterdam. Source: Jeff Yoders.

“(We chose 316 stainless) because it’s highest grade standard and not too expensive,” van der Velden said. “We want to make this technique available for other professions — other than aerospace (where it’s already being used) — so, we want to work in steel, stainless steel, bronze, aluminum.”

After winning a silver medal at the London Paralympics in 2012, German cyclist Denise Schindler wanted more at the Rio games last Summer. More comfort.

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Paralympian Denise Schindler and her silver and bronze medals from the Rio Summer Paralympics. Source: Jeff Yoders

Paralympian Denise Schindler and her silver and bronze medals from the Rio Summer Paralympics. Source: Jeff Yoders

Schindler, a native of Germany’s Bavarian region, had her right leg amputated below the knee after she was in a tram accident when she was three years old. She took up competitive cycling at 18 (she’s now 30) and has been racing at the top level for the last six years.

She won silver in the women’s road race at the London Olympics in 2012. At that Olympics, Schindler wore a carbon-fiber racing leg on her residual limb that cost $12,733.20 (€12,000) to produce and… it still didn’t work right. She got a large abrasion that caused her a great deal of pain during competition even though she was able to finish all of her races.

Lighter, But Stronger and More Malleable

The answer was a polycarbonate prosthetic with a lighter, web-like “smart lattice” structure that Schindler spent two years working with Paul Sohi — an Autodesk engineer, maker and start-up evangelist — on designing and 3D printing with Fusion 360. The resulting limb, the “Real Leg Racing Leg” only cost about $2,652 (€2,500) to produce and, thanks to rapid prototyping and 3D printing, was tested much more extensively with design iterations simply created via “printing” iterations of it. It fit much better than the carbon-fiber, traditional manufacturing process one. Schindler was the first person to compete in an Olympics with a 3D-printed or additive manufactured prosthesis. Read more