Articles in Category: Sourcing Strategies

In preparing our new Monthly Metal Buying Outlook for May, we’ve seen that prices in both industrial metal markets and commodity markets have fallen over the past month.

What’s the deal?

Well, a few things are happening that stirred up that pot:

  • The U.S. dollar fell to a five-month low. The dollar’s movement usually has an inverse relationship with that of commodity prices, but not lately. Election season across the pond in France is heating up, and the outcome of the first round of presidential voting had eased concerns about the future of the euro, which rose against the dollar.
  • Interestingly, China’s annual GDP growth increased to 6.9% during Q1 2017, the fastest growth rate since the second half of 2015. Not only that, but the country also announced that it will build a “new megacity” — two things that would usually portend higher industrial metals prices. And yet…here’s what China’s economy has been doing since 2012 (the overall trend is pretty clear):

  • President Trump ordered two investigations, one for steel and one for aluminum, into whether imports of those metals threaten U.S. national security.

Check out how these types of events and trends are affecting six non-ferrous metal markets and four specific forms of steel — HRC, CRC, HDG and plate — in our detailed monthly analysis.

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Port Talbot steel plant

Source: Adobe Stock/Petert2

Pittsburgh-based U.S. Steel saw its market value reduced by 27% from investors following a surprising first quarter loss.

According to a recent report from the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, U.S. Steel also announced plans to spend more than $1 billion in upgrades to plants in Mon Valley and beyond.

Want a short- and medium-term buying outlook for aluminum, copper, tin, lead, zinc, nickel and several forms of steel? Subscribe to our monthly buying outlook reports!

“This is not a quarter-to-quarter play,” David Burritt, president and chief operating officer, told investors, concerning investment in the mills. “We’re in this for the long haul. It takes more than a little bit of courage to take this action right now.”

Analysts are encouraged by the investment, but they are also concerned the time frame for the project will prevent U.S. Steel from taking advantage of the surging demand in steel that many are expecting on the heels of President Donald Trump’s promises to support the steel industry.

Chinese Demand for Steel Growing?

Our own Raul de Frutos recently wrote about the current industrial metals bull market and whether or not he still sees an upside. Pertaining to steel specifically, de Frutos wrote that China’s government recently announced plans to build a new urban metropolis from the ground up, which would significantly boost the demand for steel and other metals.

De Frutos wrote: “This growth translates into solid demand for industrial metals at the same time as China applies stricter anti-pollution rules and supply-side reforms designed to cut capacity in energy-intensive sectors like steel and aluminum. Overall, while we continue to see strength in Chinese markets, we are not ready to call peak in this industrial metals bull market.”

How will steel and base metals fare in 2017? You can find a more in-depth copper price forecast and outlook in our brand new Monthly Metal Buying Outlook report. For a short- and long-term buying strategy with specific price thresholds:

Nickel prices reached a 10-month low this week due in part to concern over demand from China, a top consumer of the metal.

According to a report from Reuters, these concerns were supported by Chinese trade data, indicating falling imports on the alloying material used to make stainless steel.

Want a short- and medium-term buying outlook for aluminum, copper, tin, lead, zinc, nickel and several forms of steel? Subscribe to our monthly buying outlook reports!

Nickel traded on the London Metal Exchange ended Wednesday at $9,225 per metric ton, its lowest mark since June of last year.

John Meyer, SP Angel analyst, told the news source he anticipates nickel to be supported by concern over supplies of ore from the Philippines, which recently announced the ordered closure of more than half its mines in order to protect water sources.

“There is still a lot of stock for the market to burn,” Meyer told Reuters.

Nickel Trailing Other Industrial Metals

Our own Raul de Frutos wrote earlier this month of the downward pressure seen on nickel prices during Q1, which is in stark contrast to other industrial metals that have rallied during that same time.

Wrote de Frutos: “Nickel prices are struggling to make headway this year. Nickel’s supply narrative is rather complex and it’s exposed to significant changes depending on what policy makers in Indonesia and The Philippines do next. On the other hand, stainless buyers should continue to monitor their price risk exposure. Investors’ sentiment on industrial metals remains bullish and that could still trigger unexpected prices swings on the upside.”

How will nickel and base metals fare in 2017? You can find a more in-depth copper price forecast and outlook in our brand new Monthly Metal Buying Outlook report. For a short- and long-term buying strategy with specific price thresholds:

ERP Strategic Minerals, LLC, part of the ERP Group of companies, has been selected as the stalking horse bidder by the Chapter 11 trustee for Molycorp Minerals, LLC and related entities and entered into an asset purchase agreement with Molycorp’s bankruptcy trustee to purchase substantially all the assets and the surface property rights of the company’s debtors at the  Mountain Pass Rare Earths mine in California.

Benchmark Your Current Metal Price by Grade, Shape and Alloy: See How it Stacks Up

The offering price is $1.2 million, a far cry from the $40 million offered and abruptly withdrawn earlier this year by Russian-born investor Vladimir Iorich and his Pala Invesments firm. However, ERP, as part of its offer, is also promising to shoulder up to $100 million worth of Mountain Pass’ debts and liabilities. Read more

Industrial metals have been on a tear since we called a bull market just about a year ago. However, we have recently witnessed some price weakness over the past couple of months.

Benchmark Your Current Metal Price by Grade, Shape and Alloy: See How it Stacks Up

Commodities like industrial metals are cyclical assets which tend to run in the same direction for long periods of time. The key is to recognize the peaks and valleys of the cycle to time your purchases accordingly. 

The industrial metals ETF: peak or pause? Source: MetalMiner analysis of @stockcharts.com data.

The ongoing bull market in industrial metals has run for over a year and while some metals are experiencing some setbacks, it’s a good time to bring up the question: Are we nearing a peak or this is just a pause before prices break on the upside?

To answer this question, let’s look at what the main macro drivers are telling us:

China: Strong Indicators

As we all know, China is the world’s largest producer and consumer of industrial metals. Any changes on China’s supply and demand equation can have a huge impact on the price of metals. The performance of Chinese stock markets are a great gauge of investors’ sentiment on China’s economy. Since China became a major economy, we’ve seen a strong correlation between Chinese markets and metal prices.

Chinese stock market etf trading near highs. Source: MetalMiner analysis of @stockcharts.com data.

Price momentum in Chinese markets has indeed picked up this year, tradin near a two year-high. The latest economic indicators continue to increase investors’ confidence in China.

China’s GDP came at 6.9% in the first quarter, the fastest pace in almost two years, up from a 6.8% growth in the previous quarter and putting the country well ahead of its goal of 6.5% annual GDP. Chinese investment in buildings, factories and other fixed assets rose 9.2% for the first quarter while construction starts surged by 11.6%. If that’s not enough, in April, China’s government announced plans to build a new megacity, which will increase the demand for steel and other industrial metals.

This growth translates into solid demand for industrial metals at the same time that China applies stricter anti-pollution rules and supply-side reforms designed to cut capacity in energy-intensive sectors like steel and aluminum. Overall, while we continue to see strength in Chinese markets, we are not ready to call peak in this industrial metals bull market.

US Dollar Falls to 5-Month Low

Base metals are commodities and, as such, move in opposite directions to the dollar. Over the past 20 years, every major bottom in commodities have coincided with a major peak in the U.S. dollar and vice versa. For a continuation of a bull market in industrial metals we should see weakness in the dollar. This year we have seen that.

The U.S. dollar index falls to a 5-month-low. Source: MetalMiner analysis of @stockcharts.com data.

According to the Wall Street Journal, on Monday, “the dollar fell to a five-month low due to a surge in the euro after the first round of the French presidential election eased concerns about the future of the European currency.” The notion is that the Euro would likely strengthen if Macron wins the election.

Benchmark Your Current Metal Price by Grade, Shape and Alloy: See How it Stacks Up

If centrist candidate Emmanuel Macron gets elected in the final round (May 7), markets might start to focus on a positive European economic picture and its higher growth relative to the U.S. That could potentially devalue the dollar against the euro, a bullish development for industrial metal prices.

What This Means For Metal Buyers

Industrial buyers need to watch closely for signs of a market top. For now, the recent price weakness in industrial metals seems normal in the context of a bull market and key indicators such as China and the dollar favor a continuation of this uptrend. Industrial buyers should continue to manage their commodity price risk exposure until we see real signs of a market peak.

The MetalMiner analyst team alerted subscribers and trialers last week to significant movement on the zinc front. Prices for the non-ferrous metal have pulled back over the past several weeks, and are now trading near key support levels.

Wrote our own Raul de Frutos: “The price weakness seems to come from longs exiting their positions rather than shorts coming to the market. This suggests that sentiment hasn’t shifted to bearish for now. This could be a good opportunity to time purchases (3-5 months’ worth of demand) while prices trade near $2,500/mt.”

Want a short- and medium-term buying outlook for aluminum, copper, tin, lead, zinc, nickel and several forms of steel? Subscribe to our monthly buying outlook reports!

While many may panic and see this price decline as the end of zinc’s bull run, de Frutos sees this movement as an ideal opportunity to make purchases at an attractive price.

de Frutos added: “After doubling in price since the beginning of 2016, prices are now struggling in the $3,000 per metric ton level. However, the price weakness seems to come from long position buyers exiting those positions rather than shorts coming to the market. This suggests that sentiment hasn’t shifted to bearish for now. At the same time, we see strong support near $2,500/mt, which could provide a good opportunity to time purchases.”

How will zinc and base metals fare in 2017? You can find a more in-depth copper price forecast and outlook in our brand new Monthly Metal Buying Outlook report. For a short- and long-term buying strategy with specific price thresholds:

Lead ore. Source: Adobestock.

Lead prices, along with tin, lost some ground on the non-ferrous metals market on April 18, due in part to stockists selling as the result of subdued demand in the user industries.

According to a report from the Business Standard, lead fell slightly lower than tin with copper dropping by an even smaller margin.

Want a short- and medium-term buying outlook for aluminum, copper, tin, lead, zinc, nickel and several forms of steel? Subscribe to our monthly buying outlook reports!

Elsewhere in the realm of non-ferrous metals, lead’s sister metal zinc has seen its prices fall off sharply over the past several weeks.

Our own Raul de Frutos warns that now is the time to buy, although it’s important not to panic and view this as the end of zinc’s bull run. In fact, this is nothing more than a great opportunity to purchase the metal at an attractive price.

de Frutos wrote: “After doubling in price since the beginning of 2016, prices are now struggling in the $3,000 per metric ton level. However, the price weakness seems to come from long position buyers exiting those positions rather than shorts coming to the market. This suggests that sentiment hasn’t shifted to bearish for now. At the same time, we see strong support near $2,500/mt, which could provide a good opportunity to time purchases.”

Lead Price Outlook for 2017

How will lead and base metals fare in 2017? You can find a more in-depth copper price forecast and outlook in our brand new Monthly Metal Buying Outlook report. For a short- and long-term buying strategy with specific price thresholds:

Lithium Australia is making inroads to Germany for a joint venture with Deutsche Rohstoff, parent company of Tin International, in an attempt to uncover lithium in the region for production purposes.

Want a short- and medium-term buying outlook for aluminum, copper, tin, lead, zinc, nickel and several forms of steel? Subscribe to our monthly buying outlook reports!

According to a recent report from Business News, the key piece in the venture is Tin International’s Sadisdorf Tin deposit, a globally renowned Altenberg mine, which has been dormant since 1991 following 500 years of production. The mine is believed to contain a lithium-rich mica that is suited for Lithium Australia’s proprietary extraction means.

Adrian Griffin, managing director at Lithium Australia said, “The joint venture with Tin International provides Lithium Australia with a low-cost entry into an established JORC resource, albeit originally established for tin.”

“There is little doubt that a substantial Lithium inventory also exists and the focus of the joint venture is to fast-rack the project to feasibility,” he added. “The experience provided by Tin International will be a key element in expediting the evaluation process and we are pleased to have them as a partner.”

Your Tin Price Outlook for 2017

How will tin and base metals fare in 2017? You can find a more in-depth copper price forecast and outlook in our brand new Monthly Metal Buying Outlook report. For a short- and long-term buying strategy with specific price thresholds:

Zinc prices have fallen sharply over the past two weeks.

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While others panic and see this decline as the end of zinc’s bull run, I see this price pullback as a great opportunity to purchase the metal at a good price.

The 3-month LME zinc price. Source: MetalMiner analysis of LME data.

After doubling in price since the beginning of 2016, prices are now struggling in the $3,000 per metric ton level. However, the price weakness seems to come from long position buyers exiting those positions rather than shorts coming to the market. This suggests that sentiment hasn’t shifted to bearish for now. At the same time, we see strong support near $2,500/mt, which could provide a good opportunity to time purchases.

Short-Term Resilient Supply but What About Long-term?

The recent price weakness can be attributed to fears that high prices could trigger more mine supply to come online in China. Refined zinc supply remains resilient in the country. For the first two months, zinc refined output rose by near 4.5% compared to the same period of last year. However, supply might prove less resilient in the coming months.  Some of China’s largest zinc smelters recently announced they will curtail roughly 540,000 mt of annualized capacity over an unspecified period of time. The announcement comes after China’s largest zinc smelter, Zhuzhou, started an indefinite maintenance period for 100,000 mt of smelting capacity earlier in March.

In addition, according to a recent Reuters article, the second-largest zinc plant in North America has been running at 50% of normal operating levels due to a strike that started on February 12. The plant produces around 270,000 mt of zinc per year.

China’s Demand Still Strong

Other analysts might be attributing the recent price weakness to slowing Chinese demand. That really hasn’t been the case. China’s GDP came at 6.9% in the first quarter, the fastest pace in almost two years, up from 6.8% growth in the previous quarter putting the country well ahead its goal of 6.5% annual GDP.

Benchmark Your Current Metal Price by Grade, Shape and Alloy: See How it Stacks Up

Construction and infrastructure make up for more than 60% of zinc’s demand. According to Global Finance, Chinese investment in buildings, factories and other fixed assets rose 9.2% for the first quarter while constructions starts surged by 11.6%. In addition, China announced intentions to build a new megacity, which will significantly increase the demand for industrial metals such as zinc

What This Means For Metal Buyers

Despite recent price weakness, zinc’s fundamentals remain strong. It seems way too early to call an end of zinc’s bull run. This month buyers might find a good opportunity to purchase zinc. You can check out our monthly metal buying outlook for monthly strategies on how to time your purchases.

Set of copper pipes of different diameter lying in one heap

The copper industry is still reeling from its crisis of plummeting prices, but hope is on the horizon and a recovery is underway albeit a gradual one.

According to a recent report from Reuters, falling prices led to a reduction in output, but industry executives announced this week in a meeting in Chile, a top producer nation of the metal, that any recovery will be a slow one.

Want a short- and medium-term buying outlook for aluminum, copper, tin, lead, zinc, nickel and several forms of steel? Subscribe to our monthly buying outlook reports!

“The market seems to have left behind its worst moment, although it’s very premature to anticipate a new cycle of high prices,” Chilean Mining Minister Aurora Williams told the conference, according to Reuters.

Arnaud Soirat, copper and diamonds unit chief at Rio Tinto added that copper prices could receive support from external factors, including pending mine closures and ore grade decline.

“Copper’s long-term fundamentals are quite positive, and we expect to see further demand growth from emerging markets,” he told Reuters, forecasting a small deficit this year.

Copper Prices on Upward Trajectory?

Reuters also reported that copper consultancy CRU is projecting copper prices to trend upward over the next 3-4 years.

Said Vanessa Davidson, director of copper research: “We expect pressure on costs to continue…but we see copper prices rising faster than operating costs, ensuring that profit margins increase.”

How will copper and base metals fare in 2017? You can find a more in-depth copper price forecast and outlook in our brand new Monthly Metal Buying Outlook report. For a short- and long-term buying strategy with specific price thresholds: