India

Indian steel, aluminum and copper companies are pinning their hopes on India’s defense sector to help increase sales.

Free Download: MetalMiner’s Top Service Centers Guide

The government’s “Make in India” campaign, a broad sweep enveloping the entire manufacturing sector, and, as a result, the metals and mining sectors, is expected to boost local raw materials used in defense applications.

The government raised the threshold for foreign direct investment in defense to 49% and has done away with licensing requirements for most items. Several Indian companies such as Tata Steel, Reliance Industries, Mahindra, Larsen & Toubro and others have started identifying areas of defense production their products fit in. They have also started scouting around for foreign partnerships and technology transfers.

International Joint-Venture Partners

One such international player that has in the past shown active interest in this sector is Germany’s ThyssenKrupp AG. The company is reportedly pursuing two interests in the defense field – naval weapons, specifically submarines, and aerospace.

In a recent interview with the Business Standard, Michael Thiemann, CEO of the company’s India region revealed that ThyssenKrupp India Pvt. Ltd was looking to expand its business in not only these segments but was also interested in investing in “smart” cities.

Thiemann said his company was already in discussion with public sector and private shipyards on the submarine front. The CEO let on that his company was open to tying up with private Indian companies such as Larsen and Toubro Ltd. for defense projects.

Project 75

“Project 75,” a plan for the construction of six submarines for the Indian Navy has been in the pipeline for several years now, but with the Make In India campaign it has caught a second wind.

Going by media reports here, the Indian government is likely to shortlist shipyards for the project in about two months. Thiemann said Thyssenkrupp has the technology and expertise and is willing to collaborate with Indian companies, by offering design, engineering and implementation know how.

Thyssenkrupp’s Edge

ThyssenKrupp already makes mining equipment and cement in India. But specifically, where the defense sector is concerned, ThyssenKrupp, say analysts, may have an edge because one of its group companies, ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems (TKMS) has been a partnering with the Indian Navy for more than two decades. Some of the Indian Navy’s previous submarines were made in India under a technology-transfer agreement in which TKMS was involved.

ThyssenKrupp has already invested in a service center at Bengaluru in South India for material processing of aluminum and titanium used in the manufacture of aircraft. The current revenue size of India’s aerospace business is nothing to write home about, but it is expected to grow because of the decisions made by the government.

Free Download: Latest Metal Price Trends in the June MMI Report

{ 0 comments }

India’s BJP-led government, more precisely its finance ministry, recently announced that it would impose, for a period of five years, anti-dumping duties ranging between $180 and $316 per metric ton for some industrial-grades of stainless steel imported from China, Malaysia and South Korea. The idea, obviously, is to stop the tide of surging steel imports.

Free Download: MetalMiner’s Top Service Centers Guide

Subsidized imports, or “dumping,” of steel into a country by producers from other nations can be a vexing issue. Steelmakers from the US, India and Europe have been facing mounting pressure from cheap imports.

US Anti-Dumping Accusations

Earlier this month, for example, MetalMiner reported that six steelmakers with major US operations had filed a trade complaint seeking punitive tariffs for alleged unfair pricing of imported steel from China, India, Italy, South Korea and Taiwan.

The move by the Indian government came after persistent efforts by steel producers to place tariffs on the foreign products for nearly two years. The cheap imports, claimed the Indian steel industry, were damaging its business prospects.

India consumes about one million mt of industrial steel stainless steel, of which, around 40% is imported, largely from China.

Indian Tariffs

The anti-dumping tax obviously was welcomed by domestic steelmakers. N.C. Mathur, president of the Indian Stainless Steel Development Association (ISSDA) was quoted in a news report as saying the move was long overdue. According to Mathur, the duty has been imposed on hot-rolled flat products stainless steel with all its variants originating from China at $309 per mt, $316 per mt from Malaysia and from Korea at $180 per mt. He added the move would give a respite to the domestic industry.

The ISSDA also complained to the government about of abuse of the India–Malaysia comprehensive economic cooperation agreement (CECA). Stainless cold-rolled flat products from Malaysia are being imported to India through a preferential tariff benefit, the association had claimed in its statement. ISSDA demanded that the Ministry of International Trade and Industry, Malaysia, investigate the cold-rolled imports.

FREE Download: The June MMI® Report.

The author, Sohrab Darabshaw, contributes an Indian perspective on industrial metals markets to MetalMiner.

{ 0 comments }

The imposition of anti-dumping duties by the Indian government should encourage US authorities who have been asked to enforce a similar move. The suit filed by six US companies concerns corrosion-resistant steel, a type of coated steel used in automobile and construction industries. The US has been witnessing an unprecedented flood of imports in the last one year or so.

Free Download: MetalMiner’s Top Service Centers Guide

As reported by MetalMiner last month, the US steel industry is suffering because the imports hit a record 34% of market share, according to the American Iron and Steel Institute (AISI).

The US slapped duties on imports of steel used in the energy industry from South Korea and five other countries last year but, evidently, those tariffs did not have the desired effect. The AISI in its press briefing last month, asked the US Government to first enforce existing trade laws which would be an immense help to the steel industry.

In India, steel imports had increased to 0.91 million metric tons this May, an increase of 58% as compared to the same month’s figure last year. As compared to April 2015, the import rate was up by about 20 mt, according to a report by the Ministry of Steel.

Many analysts said the Indian stainless steel industry started resembling a sick industry, as cheap imports were leading to a situation of under-utilization of installed capacities. The local industry hopes the anti-dumping duties will send out a clear signal to those sending in cheap imports, and lead to a resurgence in India’s steel sector.

FREE Download: The June MMI® Report.

The author, Sohrab Darabshaw, contributes an Indian perspective on industrial metals markets to MetalMiner.

{ 0 comments }

Indian exports of aluminum have been on the rise for some time now, since local use has fallen because of the slow economy prior to the election of the new Modi government last May.

Free Download: MetalMiner’s Top Service Centers Guide

Aluminum from Hindalco’s Mahan unit in Madhya Pradesh province is being shipped to Japan and South Korea, the US, and some African nations, too. A surge in demand for aluminum by the automobile industry and for use in can sheets were said to be the main drivers of the exports.

Strong Export Demand

India was already a net exporter of aluminum even before this surge happened.

India has a smelting capacity of over 36 million metric tons. Last year, its manufacturers produced about 28 million mt of the metal, while this year, analysts say, the figure could go even higher. However, with Chinese imports are affecting domestic consumption. The question on everyone’s mind is – who’s buying?

New capacity is being added in the face of slow growth in domestic demand. Chinese producers are simply undercutting local prices.

Chinese Imports Not Stopping Production

Some Indian aluminum producers remain undaunted by the imports. One such optimistic person is Debu Bhattacharya, managing director, Hindalco, who told the Hindustan Times recently that the phenomenon of Chinese goods coming into the Indian market would be “short-lived.” He said aluminum’s wide applications would ensure a strong outlook for the metal in the coming months.

Hindalco is one of India’s largest aluminum producers, and has posted aluminum sales growth of 14% on the fiscal year that ended in March 2015 due to higher production at its two new smelters — Mahan Aluminum and Aditya Aluminum.

Independent research agency CRU, too, seems to be on the side of Indian producers. It said in a recent forecast that aluminum production would rise throughout this year despite the announced closure of AlcoaBHP Billiton‘s Sao Luis plant in Brazil. The global production estimate for Indian aluminum is high, betting on the two Hindalco smelters and Balco’s Korba all seeing production rise this year.

FREE Download: Compare With the May MMI® Report.

The author, Sohrab Darabshaw, contributes an Indian perspective on industrial metals markets to MetalMiner.

{ 0 comments }

Indian aluminum is flying through some turbulence right now as neighbor China tries to push some of its surplus aluminum into India. At the same time, for some Indian manufacturers of the metal, the Chinese imports are no deterrence to capacity expansion.

Free Download: MetalMiner’s Top Service Centers Guide

National Aluminium Company (NALCO) is a case in point. Late last week, its board approved a major capacity expansion plan to set up a one million-metric-ton alumina refinery in the Odisha province for about $860 million. NALCO plans to use bauxite from its captive mine in the same province for this project. Executives there say they anticipate a spurt in demand because of the “Make in India” campaign, hence the move.

NALCO’s New Park

NALCO has a committed client, as well. 50,000 mt of aluminum metal to be supplied to Angul Aluminium Park, a joint venture between NALCO and the Industrial Development Corporation of Odisha.

Elsewhere, Sesa Sterlite, a Vedanta Group company, too, contemplates ramping up its aluminum capacity at its Jharsugda plant, again in Odisha. CEO Tom Albanese went on record saying his company was actively thinking of stepping up aluminum production.

For now, Sesa operates the plant at about 25% of installed capacity. What stands in the way is limited electricity supply and s raw materiadl crunch (bauxite), both of which Sesa claims to be working on.

New Hindalco Capacity

Another aluminum major, Hindalco, is in the process of adding 720,000 mt of smelting capacity since April 2013, trying to step into the gaps left by plants shuttered in North America, Australia and Europe.

In fact, Indian exports of aluminum have been on the rise for some time now, since local use had gone down because of the economy grinding to a standstill until the election of the new government in May last.

Aluminum from Hindalco’s Mahan unit in Madhya Pradesh province is being shipped to countries such as Japan and South Korea, the US, and some African nations. A surge in demand for aluminum especially by the automobile industry and for use in cans was the driver, benefiting Hindalco and others.

{ 0 comments }

It was barely two years ago that major steel multinationals, ArcelorMittal and the South Korean giant POSCO had announced they were pulling their multibillion dollar project investments out of India. Some of these had been pending for a decade or so for such varied reasons as lack of land and government permissions.

Free Download: Latest Metal Price Trends in the May MMI Report

Now, ArcelorMittal is back, like that famous line from Arnold Swarznegger in “The Terminator.” Different time, different government, fresh hope.

{ 1 comment }

Most of the major steel multinationals have set aside formidable capital expenditures for the long run in India, yet, for the short-term, have reported a dip in performance. Tata Steel, for example, while announcing its quarterly results (ended March 2015) recently posted a net loss, blaming Indian and European weak steel markets, and recognition of impairment in the value of its international assets for it.

Free Download: Latest Metal Price Trends in the May MMI Report

JSW Steel Ltd., India’s largest domestic steelmaker by capacity, had reported a steep 87% year-on-year decline in consolidated net profit for the quarter ended March 31, 2015. The fall in its profitability, it’s been said, was due to unfavorable conditions in the Indian steel market, compounded by the dumping of excess steel from countries such as China, Japan and South Korea.

{ 0 comments }

According to a report, crude-steel output in China dropped 1.3% to 270.07 million metric tons in the first four months of 2015 as compared to the same period in 2014. The World Steel Association has forecast that China will end up using far less steel this year and maybe even the next. Which again means more supply and far less demand.

Pool 4 Tool’s Automotive SRM Summit

The report quoted Alan Chirgwin, BHP Billiton iron ore marketing vice president, as saying steel supply was expected to rise by about 110 million metric tons this year, exceeding demand growth by around 40 mmt.

Yet this has not fazed Rio Tinto Group, for example, which recently announced it would continue with its plan to produce iron ore at full capacity despite the fall in prices. While BHP and Brazil’s Vale SA have, for now, stepped on the brakes vis-à-vis their medium-term plans, team Rio, on the other hand, thinks reducing production costs will help it hang on to its lead…and profits.

Betting on a Comeback

Rio Tinto sees China coming back with renewed vigor and driving global iron ore demand through 2030.

Where does that leave India? So far as iron ore or even steel consumption is concerned, China is miles ahead of India, even in the fatigued condition it finds itself today. India, as reported by MetalMiner, drew a blank for about two years due to a court-imposed ban on ore mining, which left its steel companies at the mercy of imports, something that they continue to rely on even today.

That had also affected its iron ore exports, especially from the ore-rich provinces of Goa and Odisha. India’s iron ore imports went up dramatically to a record 6.76 million tons in the first 7 months of the 2014-15 fiscal year. Once, the country was the third-largest supplier of iron ore to the world, but, because of the export duty and a national mining ban, it had turned into an importer.

Analysts predict India was likely to remain a net importer of iron ore in 2015-16 as well, no thanks to the continued drop in falling international rates. The only silver lining, claimed analysts, could be that due to the resumption in the domestic production of iron ore, the quantity of imports may not be as high as the last fiscal year.

Captive Market

India’s steel companies do not have captive mines, so they have to get their average 95 mmt a year of iron ore from elsewhere. With international price of ore hovering today at about $50 per mt for high-grade ore, it is too attractive a deal for Indian steel mills to be passed on. As reference points, last year, iron ore imports happened when rates had touched $90 per mt.

In all this, Australia, a country that sells about 80% of its ore to China, sits in a happy position. While it hopes that the recent cuts in interest rates will revive the Chinese economy, and thus its demand for iron ore and coking coke, it is also looking increasingly to India to pick up its stock. Last year, for example, as reported by MetalMiner Australia had approved Adani Group’s approximate $15.5-billion (AUS $16.5 billion) Carmichael coal project in Queensland that could yield up to 60 million mt of coal per year. That was just the beginning. For the Aussies, if the dragon’s appetite for iron ore and coking coal is satiated, the hungry tiger is always lurking in the background.

{ 0 comments }

When the Tiger and the Dragon dine together the world sits up and takes note.

Pool 4 Tool’s Automotive SRM Summit

Signing business agreements worth $22 billion is a big deal so Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s recent visit to China made big, bold headlines here. Some of India’s old, and some not so old (Adani, Bhusan Power and Steel), players in the steel and power sectors, were signatories to the 26 deals.

Steel and Energy Deals

The notable contracts included the one between India’s IL&FS Energy Development Co. and China Huaneng Group for a 4,000-megawatt thermal power project, and India’s Bhushan Power and Steel sealing a pact with China National Technical Import and Export Corporation for an integrated steel project in Indian province of Gujarat.

So here were two Asian, nee global, giants, breaking bread and talking business at the same table, sending analysts scurrying to their laptops to chalk out spreadsheets and draw pie charts in an effort to understand the impact of all this in the long term.

While business leaders of both nations, including Alibaba Group Chairman Jack Ma, spoke of long-term interests, such talk brought the arclight swinging back to the present and short-term situation currently prevailing in the Asian region, especially in iron ore and coking coke, two crucial ingredients in making steel.

There’s no doubt in anyone’s mind that steel is the mainstay of Asia’s infrastructure, a fact that has had iron ore and coal miners — and even steel majors in China, India and as so far as Australia — jockeying for a major piece of new market share. With demand from Europe and the US lacking, suppliers in all three countries are walking a thinly veiled tight rope to ensure their survival.

Wither Demand

Once a destination of hope, the Chinese dragon, for now, has lost some of its hunger. Some say next-door neighbor India is where one can find fresh action. The jury’s honestly still out on that one, though. But the slowdown in China’s economy means less need for steel, in turn, lowering the demand for ore and coking coal. Leaving miners re-tweaking their business plans.

Last year, for example, the Rio Tinto Group, BHP Billiton Ltd. in Australia, and Vale SA of Brazil, to stem the tide, had stepped up low-cost output to pump up volumes, leading to a glut. Now, everybody’s mantra seems to be – cut production costs faster than the falling prices.

{ 0 comments }

According to a recent report from the Freedonia Group, worldwide demand for copper is expected to advance 4.7% every year to 37.2 million metric tons in 2019. It also says the Asia-Pacific region is expected to see the fastest annual gains, led by increased output in China and India.

Free Webinar: What The EPA Clean Power Plan Could Cost Your Business

Electrolytic refining of primary copper will be the primary method of production in these countries, but recycled scrap will account for a larger share of total refined copper output.

Construction Spending in India, US

Outside the AP region, the Freedonia report says advances in construction spending would also fuel copper demand in North America, particularly in the US, where early signs of building construction activity significantly increasing exist. This is followed by Western Europe which could see a “moderate increase” in copper demand since construction and manufacturing output there is expected to climb at a below average speed.

{ 0 comments }