Industrial job training, and retraining, is now in focus nationwide as companies shed jobs and look to rehire more skilled labor. We’re continuing to look at the welding occupation specifically, especially through the lens of new welder recruitment and experienced welder retraining.
For context, in a 2009 survey of 779 industrial companies, issued jointly by Deloitte, Oracle and the Manufacturing Institute, 32 percent of overall respondents reported “moderate to serious skills shortages. However, that figure was 74 percent for aerospace and defense companies; as we know, that sector is a large employer of welders and welding-related workers.
The National Center for Welding Education and Training, also known as Weld-Ed, began in 2007 as a cooperative venture between the American Welding Society (AWS), private companies, and many colleges and universities to explicitly close the gap between trained welders and industry demand.
Contrary to what we heard, in a recently issued report, Weld-Ed noted that between 2002-2009, there was actually a surplus of welders on the market rather than a shortage 10 percent of welding jobs were lost, mostly due to the economic downfall. But an appointed National Skill Panel projects an increase of “at least 238,692 new and replacement welding professionals between 2009 and 2019, much of it due to baby boomers retiring. How to restock those ranks is problematic.
Arguably the biggest challenge facing the industry is controlling the perception of welding, and figuring out ways to keep welding beginners and seasoned professionals up to speed on the ever changing technological needs in the industry.
“The more types of welding you master the more you can earn, says Richard Seif, senior vice president of global marketing at Lincoln Electric in Cleveland, on the Careers in Welding Web site. “If you have math and science skills, going to college to become a welding engineer just about guarantees [sic] good pay: more than $50,000 a year to start and thousands more a year after that, the site quotes him as saying. In our last post on this topic, we found that claim to be a bit too bold.
Weld-Ed’s report found discrepancies in program content and length of training from state to state. They noted that no national education standard exists for welders; therefore, certification varies from state to state, or worse, from job to job. Hopefully, Obama’s “Skills for America’s Future initiative will make steps in the right direction, but for those welders not in a position to go back to school, it might not be the savior the government is hoping for.
AWS and Weld-Ed are already trying to bridge the gap between industry demand and the worker supply pipeline (they work through a consortium of publicly funded universities and Weld-Ed is based on the campus of Lorain County Community College in Elyria, Ohio) and will continue to gather statistics on what ails the perception of the industry.
If it seems a stretch for metal sourcing professionals to pay attention to the trends in something as specific as welding employment, it shouldn’t be. With production likely to continue a sustained increase due to global demand, companies will need increasingly skilled workforces, and it’s in their best interest to have a hand in cultivating them.