Source: Taras Berezowsky/MetalMiner
The likes of actors Robert Redford, Edward Norton and Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa all support the Grand Canyon.
While this seems a strange statement to make (who wouldn’t support the Grand Canyon?), a particular issue comes attached. Folks like these are supporting the national park not as a vacation destination, per se, but as a place that they believe shouldn’t be mined for uranium, according to the Pew Environment Group.
The organization, along with Redford, Norton, Villaraigosa and a host of other celebrities, politicians and environmentalists, is waging a campaign to make sure President Obama extends a moratorium on uranium mining in a one-million-acre region around the Grand Canyon for 20 more years.
Uranium companies from all over the world Russia and South Korea among them staked hundreds of claims on areas adjacent to the national park that are rich in breccia pipes (the formations in which uranium resides). A Pew report cited BLM data that showed a roughly 2,000-percent increase in claims between 2005 and 2010:
“There were fewer than 100 mining claims before 1995 [in these areas]. By 2004, as the price of uranium rose, that number more than tripled, with approximately 320 claims staked in a year. In 2006, a claim-staking frenzy hit the area, resulting in more than 3,200 new claims; and in 2007, when the price of uranium hit a 40-year high, an additional 2,900 claims were staked.”
A map compiled using Bureau of Land Management data showing the active mining claims between 1872-2010 (in brown). Source: Pew Environment Group
This prompted Interior Secretary Ken Salazar to put a moratorium on claim-staking in 2009 but this expires in July. The environmental lobby supports a 20-year extension on the one-million-acre area, but the ban also has a chance of being lifted entirely. Inaction could “endanger the entire process, according to Pew. The administration should make a decision this month.
The US Geological Survey (USGS) found that the area in question holds an estimated 163,000 tons of uranium oxide, from which yellowcake, i.e. enriched uranium, can be extracted, according to Solve Climate News. For context, current usage of uranium for nuclear fuel stands at 68,000 tons per year, according to the World Nuclear Association, and the US overall represents 4 percent of the world’s recoverable resources as of 2009.
Although Germany has moved to restrict nuclear power, others are stepping it up. China and India are both full steam ahead with their nuclear plant projects (although China’s are faced with a slowdown), and just recently, the Times reported that Iran has declared its intent to triple production to nuclear fuel and step up uranium “enrichment to 20 percent. The uranium price was trading at $56 late last month, and a number of analysts forecast the price to hit between $65 and $75 later this year and into 2012 according to Bloomberg.
Although Iran’s news is undoubtedly a cause for concern politically, all of the above including the significance of the impending decision on the Grand Canyon claims — proves that uranium demand is pushing exploration, in turn supporting uranium prices, which likely have much further to go:
Source: World Nuclear Association