The markets seem to be risk-on this year – equities are up and while no one is forecasting a rapid return to growth in Europe, many are saying the crisis is over, not least of them Mario Draghi of the European Central Bank.
But according to Eurostat, Q4 2012 saw the Eurozone economy shrink by a massive 0.6 percent. Germany hit the average, posting a contraction of 0.6 percent, Italy 0.9 per cent and Portugal 1.8 percent.
Adding to the pain, the Italian statistics agency confirmed the country’s growth for 2012 as a whole at -2.2 percent.
In a recent WSJ article, European member states were likened to the “boiling frog” allegory: If you put a frog in scalding water, it said, it will jump out. But if you place it in cold water and slowly raise the heat, it will stay put, eventually being boiled to death.
The member states of Europe are gradually being boiled to death.
A Telegraph article reported Greek statistics agency Elstat’s unemployment figures for November 2012: overall unemployment in Greece reached 27 percent and Greek youth unemployment topped a whopping 61.7 percent. This is compared to “only” 28 percent three years ago.
The risk is that the very fabric of Greek society could start disintegrating under such sustained pressure.
These charts from the Financial Times illustrate why the markets think the problems are behind us.
As the paper explains, the best indicator of revived confidence is the decline in interest-rate spreads between sovereign bonds of vulnerable countries and German Bunds.
Irish spreads, for example, were just 205 basis points on Monday, down from 1,125 points in July 2011. Portuguese spreads are 465 basis points, while even Greek spreads are 946 basis points, down from 4,680 points in March 2012.
Italian and Spanish spreads have been brought to the relatively low levels of 278 and 362 basis points, respectively.
This is a phenomenal turnaround and has removed the pressure on stricken states from paying excessive levels of interest on their debt, but at the same time member states are consigned to a limbo world of negative growth and rising unemployment with no sign of an improvement for years to come.
How long will societies put up with this? We conclude in Part Two.