Fake Gold Bars Discovered in HK LBMA Approved Vaults

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Macroeconomics, Precious Metals

It is proving quite difficult to find any mainstream information sources able to substantiate the rumors that have been circulating about the widespread distribution of fake tungsten filled gold bars. So the story goes, about 15 years ago between 1.3 and 1.5 million 400oz tungsten bars were allegedly manufactured by a sophisticated refiner in the US. To save you whisking out your calculator that’s more than 16,000 metric tons. Subsequently, some 640,000 of these tungsten blanks were 24kt gold plated and shipped to Fort Knox. Since then these or other bars manufactured by the same company have found their way into sovereign vaults and ETF’s holdings around the world.

First, why would anyone do it? Well gold comes in various forms and sizes. Coins are stamped, smaller bars are stamped or machined, but the largest size, 400 oz “good delivery bars favored by central banks and major investors are cast – making them easier to hollow out and fill with tungsten. Because it is so hard, tungsten is notoriously difficult to stamp to shape.  At $20/lb, tungsten obviously is a whole lot cheaper than gold at $16,000 per pound and with a density of 19.35g/cm3 it is almost a pure match for gold at 19.32g/cm3 making detection by standard methods impossible. Assayers around the world are reportedly being asked to check reserves but they will have to use more sophisticated methods than simple weight, such as drilling holes into the center of bars or scanning them to see into the core. One wonders what methods the Indians used to check their 200 ton purchase form the IMF last month.

Now these stories would have remained just that, stories, if London Bullion Market Association (LBMA) approved  vaults in Hong Kong did not discover 400oz bars of exactly this type last month. The discovery has got people asking what chance is there that the physically backed gold ETF’s are not sitting on some of the same bars? As they are not required to audit their holdings, no one is going to know. Moreover their prospectus purportedly reads, “Gold bars allocated to the Trust in connection with the creation of a Basket may not meet the London  Good Delivery Standards and, if a Basket is issued against such gold, the Trust may suffer a loss. In other words it’s the buyers’ problem, not the fund. A story in Commodity Online that the Central Bank in Ethiopia had discovered some of the same bars in their reserves a few years ago proved to be a red herring. The bars were indeed fakes but they were gilded steel and showed up the moment the bars were shipped to South Africa the South Africans know a thing or two about gold, they were promptly returned. Interestingly some producers are not so covert about their activities. A Chinese company called Chinatungsten is advertising imitation gold merchandise on its website. The following quote is taken directly from their Tungsten Alloy for Gold Substitution page: “a coin with a tungsten center and gold all around it could not be detected as counterfeit by density measurement alone … We are well accustomed to exploit more innovative applications of tungsten products. Gold-plated tungsten is one of our main products.” One wonders what kind of customer they are selling to!

So not only does there appear to be an element of truth in the long running rumors of these tungsten containing 400oz bars but there also appears to be a current thriving business in such fraudulent activities. The great unknown is how much fake material is really out there and who is going to pick up the tab if its proves to be as widespread as some in the anarchy department would have us believe.

–Stuart Burns

Comments (9)

  1. Aridzonan says:

    Let’s look at this story from the POV of two years worth of mega financial scandals. The CDO / SIV debacle was obviously a mistake where no one could be held criminally responsible. Couple that with the “naked shorting” of Bear Stearns and Lehman done by elves. And finally, we are left with Bernie Madoff as the only shooter on the grassy knoll. It must have been him. However, there are no investigations underway on the largest rip off in history. Therefore: fake gold bars must be an unsubstantiated rumor.

  2. wako says:

    “Gold-plated tungsten is one of our main products” wich chinese internet site should this be ? you enter this in google and you just find thousands of bloggers who use this line, nothing more.

  3. Could this same fakery be done with 1000 oz. silver bars? Has it been done, and where is it reported?

  4. arkansascajun says:

    why would they do it????? it’s what made GOLD TRADED FUNDS POSSIBLE. we have known for a long time that they had sold at least FORTY TIMES as much gold as is in existance.

  5. Jim Shores says:

    Is tere anyone who deals in financial products or services that is not a thief?

  6. jthomp says:

    lucky for me my paper money does not claim to be backed by specie and i own no bullion myself. therefore i have cleverly insulated myself from the looming gold crisis.

  7. Uncle B says:

    Simpler, harder to detect, metalurgy with powdered tungsten and or depleted Uranium? Germany refused a quick return? Why? Who else? What does China know, and is holding back, for disclosure when politically/economically advantageous for them? Preventing a full economic collapse is currenty in their better interests? But not forever? Will Israel ever hit China’s gasoline Tank (Iran) with nuclear holocaust? Who holds high card in this balancing act? Not the U.S.A.? Is Saudi Gold pure? Who really was behind 9/11? Why? Gold?

  8. Gold nuggets says:

    Asking questions are genuinely nice thing if you are
    not understanding anything fully, but this piece of
    writing offers nice understanding yet.

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