Tag: public policy

Trump Budget Asks for Wall Funding, Slashes EPA, HUD, Existing Bureaucracies

Trump Budget Asks for Wall Funding, Slashes EPA, HUD, Existing Bureaucracies

President Trump’s $1.1 trillion budget blueprint, released today, proposes dramatic cuts to the State Department and the Environmental Protection Agency, while seeking billions more for defense issues and $1.5 billion for the president’s proposed U.S.-Mexico border wall.
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It proposes the previously reported $54 billion increase in defense spending and corresponding cuts to non-defense spending at the State Department, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Environmental Protection Agency and the wholesale elimination of other federal programs.
Mick Mulvaney, Trump’s director of the Office of Management and Budget, described the proposal as a “hard power budget” in a Wednesday briefing with reporters, meaning the Trump administration will prioritize defense spending over diplomacy and foreign aid. It significantly cuts funding to global institutions such as the World Bank and the United Nations, too.
While the budget notes that plans and costs for the border wall are not yet completed, according to Mulvaney, the budget will include a request for $1.5 billion as the first installment payment for the promised wall and then another installment of $2.26 billion in 2018.

Steel Shipments Up in January

The American Iron and Steel Institute recently reported that for the month of January 2017, U.S. steel mills shipped 7,708,416 net tons, a 7.5% increase from the 7,173,245 nt shipped in the previous month and a 9.6% increase from the 7,031,307 nt shipped in January 2016.
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A comparison of January 2017 shipments to the previous month of December 2016 shows the following changes: hot-dipped galvanized sheets, up 14%, cold rolled sheets, up 13% and hot-rolled sheets, up 4%.

Steel Industry Applauds Ross’ Confirmation as Commerce Secretary

Steel Industry Applauds Ross’ Confirmation as Commerce Secretary

Businessman Wilbur Ross was approved by the U.S. Senate yesterday to become Secretary of Commerce by a vote of 72-27, with 20 Democrats and Sen. Angus King (I-Maine), joining 51 Republicans to vote “aye.” Sen. Johnny Isakson, R-Ga., did not vote due to his ongoing recovery from back surgery.
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The Senate also voted 67-31 to move forward on the nomination of Rep. Ryan Zinke, (R-Mont.), to lead the Interior Department. A final vote on Zinke’s confirmation is expected Wednesday.
Thomas J. Gibson, president and CEO of the American Iron and Steel Institute, reacted to the confirmation.
“Wilbur Ross’ clear focus on the challenges that the steel industry is facing, and his intent to use all of the tools at his disposal to ensure a level playing field, is great news for the domestic steel industry,” Gibson said. “He has keen knowledge about the global overcapacity in steel — fueled by foreign government subsidies and other trade-distorting policies and repeated surges in unfairly traded imports. His experience as a businessman involved with a number of manufacturing industries facing similar unfair import competition gives him the first-hand knowledge of the critical issues impacting steel and other industries. He will be an exceptional Secretary of Commerce and we look forward to working with him.”

Trump Officially Ends TPP, Courts Unions for Infrastructure Help

Trump Officially Ends TPP, Courts Unions for Infrastructure Help

In his first full workday as President of the United States, Donald Trump didn’t waste any time in implementing his ambitious trade and manufacturing agenda.
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He signed an executive order pulling the U.S. out of the Trans-Pacific Partnership, a 12-member free-trade agreement advocated by the Obama administration. TPP aimed to deepen economic ties between the U.S. and 11 Pacific Rim nations, cut taxes and foster trade to, hopefully, boost economic growth in the process.
Trump’s action makes the deal — at least with the U.S. involved — essentially over. It’s really been essentially dead since last summer when Trump’s republican party began to tack more populist — which it has been doing since Trump started winning primaries by appealing to working class voters — and the GOP abandoning its traditional belief in free trade doomed the partnership which never really enjoyed that much support among democrats beyond former President Barack Obama and his administration. Senator Bernie Sanders (I.- Vt.), who is in the democratic leadership despite not identifying as one, was a particularly vocal critic of TPP during his run for the democratic nomination last year.

GOP Shift

Trump shows no signs of warming up to free trade deals and now leads a political party that looks like it’s following in lock step behind him (with some notable exceptions, of course). Trump took another step that flies in the face of traditional republican orthodoxy and met with building trades and manufacturing unions on his first working day. Watch the leaders applaud Trump as he describes “terminating” TPP. According to the White House, participants included North America’s Building Trades Unions President Sean McGarvey, Laborers’ International Union of North America President Terry O’Sullivan, SMART sheet metal workers’ union President Joseph Sellers, United Brotherhood of Carpenters President Doug McCarron and Mark McManus, president of the United Association that represents plumbers, pipefitters, welders and others.
The union meeting also included several local union officials and was a continuation of the discussion with the chief executives about how to revitalize the U.S. manufacturing economy. This follows earlier meetings Trump held with Teamsters President Jim Hoffa and AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka in New York.

Manufacturing Still Front and Center

As I wrote last summer, Trump is not changing a thing from his campaign which focused like a laser on trade and American manufacturing before any pundits or pollsters even had a clue that states like Ohio, Michigan, Pennsylvania and Wisconsin were seriously in play. This is a break from at least 20 years of party orthodoxy on both sides. If Trump can deliver more jobs, despite the ongoing threat of automation, then both parties are going to see traditional funding streams altered. Republicans getting even a split of union donations? Democrats like Obama getting support from the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and other free trade groups? It could seriously happen.
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Of course, Trump needs more than meetings. He will need a much more detailed and funded infrastructure plan and buy in from both executives and union leaders. If he wants to go farther than ending TPP, he’ll need leaders in Mexico and Canada to come to the table to renegotiate the North American Free Trade Agreement. It’s still early, but just the mere idea that a republican president is meeting with union leaders in the White House shows how much politics has changed because of Trump. Who would have ever predicted union leaders and a republican president talking about manufacturing in the White House even one year ago?

With Lighthizer and Navarro, Trump Administration Puts China on Notice

As President-elect Donald Trump fills out the remaining cabinet posts in his administration before taking office in a little more than two weeks, it’s become abundantly clear that Trump meant business when he said his administration would pursue better deals for the American people.
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Recently, Trump named University of California-Irvine Economist Peter Navarro, the co-author of the trade “Death by China” as head of his newly created National Trade Council. He also received widespread praise from the domestic steel industry for naming longtime trade attorney and former Reagan administration official Robert Lighthizer as the new U.S. Trade Representative. If there really was any doubt going in — and, after that campaign, who really thought there was? — it’s become obvious that Trump does, indeed intend to go after China on its trade policies and possibly even upend existing trade deals such as NAFTA.
[caption id="attachment_81621" align="aligncenter" width="550"] Is the Trump administration the end of free trade? It already is the demise of free trade as a platitude. Source: Adobe Stock/Argus.[/caption]
In addition to being a longtime China critic, Navarro is an interesting appointment by Trump because he also happens to be a democrat. Trump’s populist policies were always built for a general election win and they eschewed traditional republican stances that supported free trade and, generally, trade pacts such as NAFTA.
In realigning the GOP as a workers’ party, Trump won states such as Michigan and Pennsylvania that no republican had won in 28 years. So, it’s not really surprising that some democrats in congress and even AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka also signing on to help Trump renegotiate NAFTA.

AFL-CIO, Democrats Vow to Help Redo NAFTA

At a press conference on Capitol Hill, held at the start of the 115th Congress, Trumka and several House democrats vowed to, yes, help Trump renegotiate NAFTA… but also said they’d hold him to his promise to renegotiate it.
“Trump said he wants to fight for trade deals that put American workers first, and so do we,” said Oregon Rep. Peter DeFazio. “We are going to give very strong support for rewriting NAFTA. The momentum for a new direction is very, very clear and growing.”
It’s been documented how well working-class voters turned out for Trump, so it’s not surprising that he’s spent much of the period between his election and when he will eventually take office meeting with business leaders and taking credit for either keeping jobs in the U.S. or, in the case of Ford Motor Company yesterday, credit for the automaker canceling a planned new facility in Mexico and, instead, investing $600 million and 700 new jobs in that red state, Michigan.
As much as Trump’s trade team might send chills down the spine of Mexico and others in the NAFTA region, it’s really China who should be worried about what the next four years portend. The nation’s biggest trade deficit is with China… and that means China has the most to lose.

Trump’s Trade Team

It’s one thing to campaign as an outsider railing against the status quo, but with Navarro and Lighthizer on board, Trump is very much signalling he intends to govern as a change agent for U.S. trade. In addition to Navarro’s book about trade with China, Lighthizer is one of the most sought-after attorneys in Washington when it comes to representing companies seeking to file anti-dumping and countervailing duty actions. His knowledge of the arcane processes of filing and litigating trade cases is likely unparalleled, including little-known processes such as proving a section 301 case.
In the ’80s, Lighthizer was a deputy U.S. Trade Representative in the Reagan administration. Back then, he helped to stem the tide of imports from Japan with threats of quotas and punitive tariffs.
“A very good appointment,” said Harry Moser, founder and president of the Reshoring Initiative, a non-profit that seeks to bring good-paying manufacturing jobs back to the U.S. “He understands that trade will be more free when the playing field is balanced. Balance requires that other countries stop manipulating trade and the U.S. takes responsibility internally. To make the U.S. a desirable home for manufacturing we need a mix of: much better skilled workforce; VAT or border adjustment tax; lower corporate taxes, regulations, healthcare costs and U.S. dollar; and tariffs as high as those in other countries.”
If Lighthizer is a Washington insider who knows all the ins and outs of international trade law and how to apply it, however, Navarro is an economic theorist who has argued for decades that China is taking advantage of trade laws and that the U.S., to use Trump’s words, needs better deals.
Navarro has argued, in his books and his teaching, that China practices a perverse form of capitalism that undermines the U.S. economy by working hand in hand with U.S. corporations against America’s long-term interests. He says China helps individual U.S. companies in the short term by providing them with cheap workers.
He has also written that China picks off U.S. industry, jobs and know-how and uses them against the U.S., not without evidence. Navarro further says that U.S. corporations pay money to Congress through lobbyists to make sure things stay the way they are. His belief that the trade deficit between the U.S. and China is a “disaster” is gaining acceptance from Washington insiders as we speak. We should also note here that much of MetalMiner, itself, is banned on China’s internet due to the fact that we report on trade issues regularly.

Commerce Secretary

Despite the experience and strong beliefs of both Navarro and Lighthizer, neither will be strongest voice for U.S. trade in the Trump administration. That role is almost certain to fall to Commerce Secretary nominee and Navarro’s sometime writing partner, Wilbur Ross, a private equity investor, billionaire and trustee of the Brookings Institution.
So, in a little more than two weeks we will go from an administration whose Commerce Department is led by Penny Pritzker to one led by Ross, with key roles for Navarro and Lighthizer who will lead a council that did not even exist in the Obama administration. The U.S. trade representative that Lighthizer will replace, Michael Froman, leads an office that currently has a website whose opening page extols the virtues of the now surely dead-in-Congress Trans-Pacific Partnership with the words, I swear these are not being used in jest, “Made in America.”
Something makes me think Trumka or DeFazio would not approve.
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Back in June, we wrote that Trump’s campaign was making manufacturing more of an issue in the presidential election since any after 1992. Now, it appears that trade and manufacturing will be a main domestic focus of his presidency. The times, they are a changin’…

Steel Industry Praises Trump’s Appointment of Lighthizer as US Trade Representative

Steel Industry Praises Trump’s Appointment of Lighthizer as US Trade Representative

President-elect Donald Trump named Robert Lighthizer, a former trade official in the Reagan administration and a harsh critic of China’s trade practices, to be his U.S. Trade Representative today, the chief trade negotiator responsible for better deals aimed at reducing U.S. trade deficits.
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Trump, who promised during his presidential campaign to renegotiate international trade deals like NAFTA and punish companies that ship work overseas, said in announcing his choice that Lighthizer would help “fight for good trade deals that put the American worker first.”
Lighthizer is a former deputy U.S. trade representative under former Republican President Ronald Reagan who helped to stem the tide of imports from Japan in the 1980s with threats of quotas and punitive tariffs. His return to the agency follows nearly three decades as a lawyer representing U.S. steelmakers and other companies in anti-dumping and anti-subsidy cases.
“The American Iron and Steel Institute welcomes the president-elect’s nomination of Robert Lighthizer as the U.S. Trade Representative,” said Thomas J. Gibson, president and CEO of the AISI. “Bob’s nomination sends a strong signal regarding the incoming administration’s commitment to address the injury that the steel industry has suffered from unfairly traded imports.”
Gibson went on to say Bob Lighthizer is eminently qualified to serve in this position and his dedication not only to the steel industry — but to the manufacturing sector as a whole — will enable him to have a strong and prominent role in addressing the critical issues that face our companies and workers. He also said AISI looks forward to working with Lighthizer and the new administration on trade enforcement issues in the new year.

As TPP Collapses, China Steps Into the Free Trade Agreement Vacuum

As TPP Collapses, China Steps Into the Free Trade Agreement Vacuum

Many of the promises made by Donald Trump in the recent presidential election campaign have been vague on detail and promptly been followed by backtracking or denial, but one of the policies president-elect Trump as espoused consistently from the beginning has been his position on the Transpacific Trade Partnership (TPP).

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President Obama saw TPP as a key component of his pivot to Asia. The agreement was intended to lower tariffs and sets standards on a broad range of trade issues, from labor and environmental regulations to the treatment of intellectual property. More than anything, TPP was intended to create the framework for developing free-trade within Southeast Asia and, in partnership with the U.S., that most closely adhered to U.S. policies. It was intended to establish U.S. economic leadership in the region.

 

Trump, on the other hand, saw TPP as a threat to U.S. industry and, as part of his wider objection to globalization, he has been adamant since the start of his campaign that he would sooner see hell freeze over than TPP, in its current form, implemented.

[caption id="attachment_81621" align="aligncenter" width="550"]free trade, 3D rendering, blue street sign Is this the exit for the U.S. and free trade in Asia? Source: Adobe Stock/Argus.[/caption]

TPP was to have been the biggest regional free-trade agreement in history and the biggest trade deal struck since the 1994 completion of the Uruguay round of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) world trade talks that created the World Trade Organization.

China Steps In

According to Reuters, the 12 countries involved include Australia, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore, Vietnam and Mexico in addition, of course, to the U.S.A, but pointedly excluding China. The hope was, at some stage, that China would join the agreement as well but now with the prospects looking so negative for the U.S. to take TTP forward, China is stepping into the vacuum and seeking support for a Beijing-led Asia-Pacific Free-Trade area at an upcoming regional summit in Peru later this month.

President Xi Jinping’s personal involvement illustrates how seriously China is backing this idea. As the U.S. turns it back on TPP this is an opportunity for Beijing to set the agenda. China has proposed the Free Trade Area of the Asia-Pacific (FTAAP) and the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), which includes an even larger group than would have been involved in TPP. The 10 members in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations would be joined by China, Japan, South Korea, India, Australia and New Zealand to form the RCEP Group.

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All this may not bother Trump, but in the years to come it may bother U.S. companies that find themselves on the outside of a trade club they could have established more to their own agenda. Not all free trade is good trade, but at least if you get to shape the rules you can mitigate the downside and maximize the upside. As Britain will find with the European single market post-Brexit, if you are outside the club you get no say in the rules.

Wiley Rein’s Alan Price: Trump Policies Have Potential to Stoke Trade Tensions

PriceAlan_150_110616Following this week’s historic election, many eyes will be on the new administration’s focus on international trade. Alan H. Price, partner and chair of Wiley Rein LLP’s International Trade Practice is a leading lawyer in the U.S. and abroad on international trade remedy and trade policy issues. We recently had a quick e-mail discussion with him on how the Trump Administration will view international trade and the implications of the presidential election.

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Jeff Yoders: President-elect Trump’s trade policy has looked protectionist on the campaign trail. What will that mean for U.S. trade?

Alan Price: The Administration of President-Elect Donald J. Trump may result in aggressive action on international trade issues, especially against China. Some companies will agree with such measures, and some will disagree.

With the election of Trump, ratification of the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) is now unlikely in the short or medium term.

On China, Trump will look at potential currency manipulation, and will look to increase tariffs on China, potentially using our national security laws.

JY: What about immigration and the wall Trump has promised along the southern border between the U.S. and Mexico? And trade within the hemisphere?

AP: Regardless of the “wall” that Trump has promised to build between the U.S. and Mexico, he will try to renegotiate portions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)—and possibly other trade deals.

The Trump Administration should be favorable for new trade remedy cases, especially against China, and may even self-initiate cases in some circumstances.

JY: When it comes to domestic trade, Trump has promised to punish U.S. companies that outsource jobs. How would that even work?

AP: Trump’s trade agenda may include efforts to “retaliate” (through taxes, etc.) against U.S. companies that move operations abroad. His administration may also reexamine the role of the U.S. in the World Trade Organization (WTO), especially with respect to dispute resolution. There is great concern about U.S. laws being challenged and overturned by adverse WTO rulings, in areas where the U.S. never agreed to give up its economic sovereignty.

Internet Tax Pushes Customs Enforcement Bill to 2016… And an Uncertain Future

Internet Tax Pushes Customs Enforcement Bill to 2016… And an Uncertain Future

When we last left the Trade Facilitation and Trade Enforcement Act, it had easily passed the US House of Representatives and was headed to the US Senate before what many thought would be a year-end vote.

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The TFTA was a longstanding priority for domestic steel as it included the ENFORCE Act, which provides the industry with new tools to address the evasion of anti-dumping and countervailing duty orders. Passage of the measure would also ensure that Customs and Border Protection officials investigate industry claims of AD/CVD evasion by set statutory deadlines.’

Blocked in the Senate

But it never passed the US Senate. What derailed this bipartisan-supported bill?

[caption id="attachment_76005" align="aligncenter" width="550"]Source: Adobe Stock/Konstantin L It’s not the Capitol Building’s fault that customs enforcement didn’t pass before the end of the year. It’s the people in it who were at fault. Source: Adobe Stock/Konstantin L.[/caption]

After House and Senate lawmakers unveiled a compromise deal in early December, the one that the House passed, it went to the Senate and no vote was scheduled before the end of the year. The legislation also included an overhaul of the US Customs and Border Protection agency, as well as new protections for intellectual property and stronger tools for the government to crackdown on currency manipulation, but what bogged the agreement down was a fight over a permanent Internet sales tax ban, which was added into the conference report.

Senator Dick Durbin (D. – Ill.) threatened to use a procedural move to remove the internet sales tax ban provision. Durbin’s staff told The Hill that he had the votes to remove the ban from the customs enforcement package.

Durbin also told the Hill that if lawmakers tried to bring up the legislation it would have to overcome procedural hurdles, which could eat up the limited remaining time the Senate had. Yet, If Durbin had been successful in removing the Internet tax ban, it would have forced senators to send the customs bill back the the House, effectively scuttling the deal that brought it to the Senate in the first place and pushing both chambers past the deadline.

Where to Now for Customs Enforcement?

While passage in the new Congress could certainly still happen, losing the pressure of the year-end flurry of legislation doesn’t help the customs bill.

Some have suggested that passing the conference report, in its current form with the internet sales tax ban intact, would help ease passage of Trans-Pacific Partnership legislation, a priority of President Obama and the entire democratic party. As a bargaining chip, the bill’s passage, apparently, still has value. Will that happen in time, though, to help struggling steel, aluminum and other producers?

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The sausage making of the US congress has never been pretty, but such deals over competing priorities are exactly what has turned off so many American voters these days. Both sides should want to pass the TFTA because it’s vital to the survival of domestic industries and sets up a more fair playing field with cheap, illegally dumped imports. That this is being held up for a potential future internet sales tax, one that no one is even contemplating today, is just another low point for the gridlock we’ve come to expect in Washington, DC.

Follow Jeff Yoders on twitter at @jyoders19.

Rant: Bold Bets Or Old Bets? Manufacturing Summit Fails to Address Jobs

Rant: Bold Bets Or Old Bets? Manufacturing Summit Fails to Address Jobs

Last week, I attended the Atlantic and SiemensBold Bets, billed as a conversation with Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel and industry leaders about the global marketplace and, as the workforce evolves, how the US is adapting to the challenges and opportunities changes in manufacturing present.

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It’s not the first time we have heard about how building a better workforce, through education that focuses on Science Technology Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) can help the US compete in the 21st century.

[caption id="attachment_75366" align="aligncenter" width="550"]Yoders_Rahm_Emanuel_550_113015 Is paying for community college a bold bet? Or just an old bet? The Atlantic Washington Editor-at-Large Steve Clemons and Chicago Mayor Rahm Emanuel talk it over. Photo: Jeff Yoders[/caption]

Mayor Emanuel was his usual exuberant self, touting his initiatives that support students who go on to the City Colleges, Chicago’s version of community college, where they can get training for those popular STEM fields.

A STEM Job in Every Pot

“You need a 21st century infrastructure to move on education,” Emanuel said. “There’s nothing that China is doing that, on a manufacturing level, we can’t compete and win on.”

While it continues to be difficult for those in the Chicago area such as ArcelorMittal USA, and other US-based producers of steel, to compete with Chinese steelmakers, who are subsidized at the state and national levels, I gave this statement the benefit of the doubt and eagerly looked forward to more details on this bold new vision of Rahmufacturing

“We’ve done two things in advanced manufacturing to compete,” Emanuel continued. “The Ford Motor Co. plant here (on the South Side) added a third shift. And we have sought and secured a digital hub, which Siemens is a part of, in the city schools. The days of making widgets, repetitive motion, are over. The manufacturing jobs of today require at least two years, post-high-school, to understand computing and its role in manufacturing.”

Tech Job Demand vs. Tech Job Supply

Far be it from me to question the logic of Mayor Emanuel, but if my studies of manufacturing supply chains have taught me anything, it’s that creating jobs is a supply side problem. Creating more demand by training more students for the jobs of tomorrow won’t keep those jobs in Chicago… or the US for that matter. It will just mean our best and brightest go elsewhere to find the jobs that they want when there is no supply of them at home.

Adding a third shift at one automotive plant is great, but it’s not exactly making up for all the jobs the area has lost over the last 3 decades. It all has to do with the availability of the materials of the future, meaning, yes, rare earths and renewables. The shifting of research jobs to countries where the most technologically promising materials exist can’t be underestimated. Rare metals are at the heart of green products such as wind turbines and solar panels and the most in-demand products of today, such as smartphones, flat-screen TVs, tablet computers and much of the technology in every new vehicle Ford produces. Especially the Fusion and other hybrid cars.

What Innovators Need

Civic leaders need to be working on the supply side, reducing regulations on small businesses and allowing new manufacturing of cutting edge products here in the Midwest. Older technologies such as paper mills and existing automotive factories are really not bold bets, at all. They’re actually really OLD bets. Ones that haven’t paid off in just as long.

While Emanuel is right when he says, “(the) big challenge with an aging workforce, worldwide, is everybody is looking for the best-trained, best-educated workforce. Having logistics and an available workforce positions us best for the future,” that’s only half of the equation. The environment for jobs and businesses to grow for those graduates to work at needs to be there, too.

Industries such as steel require anti-dumping measures and customs enforcement just as much as they need a well-trained workforce. Ford needs a sustainable supply chain, with redundancy, for all the materials it puts into its products every bit as much as it needs someone smart enough to assemble them.

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Most importantly, small businesses, the engine of innovation in Chicago and the entire nation, need regulations that don’t unfairly penalize them for taking advantage of advanced technologies such as cloud computing and additive manufacturing. I’m looking forward to those bold bets from our civic leaders.

Follow Jeff Yoders on twitter at @jyoders19.

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