Global Precious MMI: Gold prices retrace after early-March surge

The Global Precious Monthly Metals Index (MMI) fell by 1.4% for this month’s index reading, as gold prices retraced after peaking in early March.

April 2022 Global Precious MMI chart
Source: MetalMiner Insights

The MetalMiner Insights platform features a full suite of precious metals prices. 

Gold, silver prices retrace

After peaking in early March, gold prices have retraced.
The U.S. gold bullion price jumped to nearly $2,040 per ounce March 8, nearly two weeks after Russia began its invasion of Ukraine.

Gold price chart
Source: MetalMiner Insights

As we noted last month, COMEX announced it would suspend six Russian gold and silver producers.
“Russia is a significant gold producer but still in single-digit percentages globally,” MetalMiner’s Stuart Burns explained last month. “Much more significant is palladium, where they produce 40% of global supply, and platinum, which is less but still very significant. The implications for the catalyst markets are real.”
Since the March peak, prices retraced down to around $1,920 per ounce early this week.
Meanwhile, silver prices peaked at $26.40 per ounce in March. Since then, they retraced down to $24.54 per ounce earlier this week.

Palladium prices also retrace

Elsewhere in the precious metals basket, palladium prices have also come back down after surging earlier in March.

Contrary to the aforementioned gold and silver, Russia accounts for approximately 40% of global palladium mine production. Palladium (and platinum) is used in automotive catalytic convertors. As such, while gold is typically a hedge of choice for investors of all types, palladium has a specific industrial use in the automotive sector.
In a report last month overviewing supply chain impacts of the Russia-Ukraine war, Deloitte explained how traditional inventory policy is no longer sufficient amid current market pressures.
“For the past couple of decades companies have been implementing practices to reduce inventory across the supply chain, setting a level of safety stock to buffer normal demand and supply variability,” Deloitte said in the March 25 report. “COVID-19 was a wake-up call that these traditional inventory buffers are insufficient when a crisis hits. Establishing a policy for ‘strategic stock’ of critical materials should be an essential component of a company’s overall inventory policy.”
In that vein, Deloitte zeroed in on semiconductors.
“For example, the largest companies in the semiconductor industry had increased stockpiles of palladium and neon, two critical elements in semiconductor production that are highly reliant on supply sources in Russia,” the report added. “Unfortunately, many companies had not anticipated these supply-side risks and are now exposed with lean, and potentially insufficient, inventory to manage through a prolonged period of disruption.”
As always, buyers should familiarize themselves with the five best metal sourcing practices

Dollar gains strength

Meanwhile, the U.S. dollar has gained strength.
Typically, the dollar correlates inversely with metals prices.
The U.S. dollar index spent most of February in the 95-97 range, according to Trading Economics data.
In March, however, the index jumped to over 99. After retracing slightly late in the month, the dollar index has picked back up in early April. The dollar index reached nearly 99.50 this week.

Inverted yield curve and interest rates

As the MetalMiner team continues to note in the weekly newsletter, the Federal Reserve could be set to implement a more aggressive interest rate policy in the months ahead.
After raising rates by a quarter of a percentage point in March, the Fed could be set to raise rates by a half percentage point as it aims to get a handle on runaway inflation.
The Consumer Price Index reached 7.9% last month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported.
“In addition, the ‘inverted yield curve’ suggests that investors think the rate hikes will be more aggressive to stem inflation faster,” the MetalMiner team explained in this week’s newsletter. “As rates increase quickly consumer spending typically stalls quickly, as intended. This can also lead to a recession as the pendulum swings the other way. An inverted yield curve has preceded every recession since the 1950s.”
As the Fed plays the balancing act of mitigating inflation while also not denting demand unduly, market watchers should continue to keep tabs on developments vis-a-vis prospective rate hikes.

Actual metals prices and trends

The Chinese gold bullion price rose by 1.7% month over month to $62.39 per gram. Meanwhile, U.S. gold bullion fell 1.0% to $1,937 per ounce.
U.S. silver fell 2.9% to $24.75 per ounce. The U.S. platinum price fell 3.9% to $980 per ounce. Lastly, the U.S. palladium price fell 10.8% to $2,190 per ounce.

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