The Stainless Monthly Metals Index (MMI) increased by 7.0% for this month’s reading, as the ATI strike entered its seventh week this week.
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ATI strike continues
In late March, the United Steelworkers union announced a strike at nine Allegheny Technologies Inc. (ATI) facilities. The union cited “unfair labor practices” in its announcement of the strike.
Over six weeks later, the labor stoppage has yet to reach a conclusion.
Meanwhile, late last month, ATI reported its first-quarter financial results. The firm reported a net loss of $7.9 million for the quarter, compared with a net loss of $1.1 billion in Q4 2020.
In Q1 2020, the firm reported net income of $23.6 million.
In its earnings report, the firm expressed “disappointment” in the union’s decision to strike.
“While we are incredibly disappointed that the USW leadership decided to strike our Specialty Rolled Products locations beginning in late March, we remain committed to our business continuity plan to safely operate in a way that allows us to deliver to our customers on our quantity and quality commitments during this strike,” President and CEO Robert S. Wetherbee said. “Our operating teams are committed to minimizing the operational interruption and financial impact from the strike as we seek to reach a fair and equitable settlement with our striking workers.”
Meanwhile, in a bargaining update released Thursday, May 13, the union said it had not heard back from ATI management regarding a proposal it made May 6.
“The issue of profit sharing has been a subject of discussion throughout our negotiations with ATI,” USW said in the statement. “We have shown the company that we are willing to be flexible, but the current offer by ATI eliminates profit sharing and replaces it with 3% wage increases in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th years of the contract. After going without a wage increase since 2014, obviously such an offer is unacceptable.”
MetalMiner experts on ATI strike, price divergence and more
For those who missed it, MetalMiner CEO Lisa Reisman, Vice President of Business Solution Don Hauser and Senior Stainless Analyst Katie Benchina Olsen overviewed the stainless market as part of MetalMiner’s monthly webinar series.
During the 30-minute webinar, titled “Turning Stainless Market Upheaval to Your Advantage,” the MetalMiner team broke down the current market — from shortages and long lead times to the impact of the ATI strike.
“I’ve never seen a market like I’ve seen this year, in the sense that mill capacities are incredibly strict with the allocations,” Olsen said. … “Right now we’re in a US stainless market where allocation is on the horizon, at least until the end of the year.”
So, how did the market get to this point?
In simple terms, demand increased and supply decreased, she explained.
ATI’s announcement in December that it would exit the commodity stainless market by mid-2021 created a “duopoly,” she added, in the sense that buyers then would have to go to either North American Stainless or Outokumpu. Meanwhile, the ATI strike has put further pressure on NAS and Outokumpu to supply the market.
In addition, there has been a divergence in terms of price announcements, contrary to the typical stainless market model, in which a market leader sets the tone on prices and other mills follow suit.
“Now the market leader is North American Stainless, but Outokumpu also has a lot of capacity,” Olsen added. “So it’s really become a duopoly where NAS and Outokumpu do have diverging strategies.”
Those interested in viewing the full webinar video on demand can visit the MetalMiner Video Archive.
A schedule of future MetalMiner webinars is available on the MetalMiner Events page.
NAS reduces fuel surcharge
Elsewhere, late last month, North American Stainless (NAS) announced it would reduce its fuel surcharge for May.
It reduced the surcharge to 25% for stainless flat and long products.
“The surcharge rate is considered the maximum level for May and will be reviewed monthly,” NAS said.
Nickel price movements
As we noted in previous Stainless MMI installments, the nickel price plunged earlier this year on news that China’s Tsingshan Group had signed large nickel matte supply deals.
While nickel’s use as a battery component is growing, a majority of global nickel production still goes into stainless steel.
The LME nickel price proceeded to trade sideways through March and the first three weeks of April. Since then, however, nickel has shown upward momentum, like other metals.
After falling to around $15,900 per metric ton in early March, the LME nickel price surged at the tail end of April. The metal closed April 22 at $16,009 per metric ton and rose as high as $18,070 last week. LME nickel closed Thursday at $17,932 per metric ton.
Actual metals prices and trends
The Allegheny Ludlum 304 stainless surcharge ticked up by 4.4% month over month to $0.94 per pound this month. Meanwhile, the Allegheny Ludlum 316 surcharge held flat at $1.23 per pound.
Chinese 316 cold rolled coil rose 1.3% to $3,676 per metric ton as of May 1. Meanwhile, 304 cold rolled coil dipped 0.6% to $2,525 per metric ton. Chinese primary nickel surged by 7.3% to $20,071 per metric ton.
LME three-month nickel jumped 8.4% to $17,512 per metric ton.
Indian primary nickel increased by 10.6% to $17.88 per kilogram.