The Renewables Monthly Metals Index (MMI) posted no movement for this month’s MMI index value, as this month’s report leads with China’s SVOLT providing cobalt-free batteries to automaker Great Wall. (Editor’s Note: This report also includes coverage of grain-oriented electrical steel, or GOES.)
The MetalMiner 2021 Annual Outlook consolidates our 12-month view and provides buying organizations with a complete understanding of the fundamental factors driving prices and a detailed forecast that can be used when sourcing metals for 2021 — including expected average prices, support and resistance levels.
China’s SVOLT to supply Great Wall with cobalt-free batteries
Cobalt, as we have noted in this space routinely, is coveted for its use in electric vehicle (EV) batteries.
However, cobalt is expensive. Tesla’s Elon Musk indicated the automaker would be moving to eliminate cobalt from its supply chain — that is, until the automaker signed a cobalt supply agreement with miner Glencore earlier this year.
Nonetheless, as EV makers strive to make more cost-effective models, cobalt-free batteries are, naturally, a jumping off point for cost savings.
As such, in China, the world’s largest automotive market, Chinese EV battery maker SVOLT said it will supply a cobalt-free battery to Chinese automaker Great Wall beginning next year, according to a report by news agency Reuters.
According to the report, the battery will use 75% nickel, 25% manganese and small amounts of other metals.
LME cobalt price spike
Speaking of cobalt-free batteries and cost, the LME price jumped in mid-September, rising from $33,000 per tonne to $34,000 per tonne.
The cobalt price, however, traded sideways the rest of the month.
The price has recovered from its first-quarter lows, when it reached $27,000 per tonne in mid-March.
Tesla produces 145K vehicles in Q3
As for Tesla, the automaker churned out 145,000 vehicles in the third quarter.
Model 3/Y output totaled 128,044 vehicles. Meanwhile, Model S/X output reached 16,992 vehicles.
“In terms of days of sales, new vehicle inventory declined further in Q3 as we continue to improve our delivery efficiency,” the automaker said.
Tesla will announce its Q3 earnings at a later date.
U.S.-based ArcVera Renewables enters Indian market
Meanwhile, MetalMiner contributor Sohrab Darabshaw recently delved into U.S.-based ArcVera Renewables‘ foray into the Indian renewable energy storage market.
“U.S.-based ArcVera Renewables, which specializes in consulting and technical services, has announced its entry into India’s solar, wind and hybrid energy storage market,” Darabshaw wrote.
“ArcVera has opened up an office in Bengaluru in the southern part of India. From there, it will deliver its expertise to project developers, lenders and investors — not only in India but also neighboring Southeast Asia and Pacific Rim countries.”
Like many countries around the world, India is looking to augment its renewable energy storage capacity.
“Energy demand is expected to reach 15,820 TWh by 2040,” Darabshaw continued. “As such, renewable energy will play an important role in the years ahead.
“As of early 2020, India’s installed renewable energy capacity stood at 87.26 GW. Solar and wind energy capacity stood at 34.81 GW and 37.74 GW, respectively. Biomass and small hydro power constituted 9.86 GW and 4.68 GW, respectively.”
The GOES MMI, which tracks grain-oriented electrical steel, dropped 5.5% for this month’s reading.
The GOES price fell 5.3% to $2,124 per metric ton.
ArcelorMittal, a major global producer of electrical steel, announced late last month it aims to be carbon neutral by 2050.
Last year, the Luxembourg-based steelmaker committed to reducing its European emissions by 30% by 2030.
“Steel will remain a vital material for our world and indeed is the most circular of all materials,” ArcelorMittal President and CFO Aditya Mittal said in a release. “Our challenge is to be able to make steel using clean energy technologies on a commercial scale, while remaining competitive in the global steel industry.
“We are working on various pilot technologies which have excellent potential. In Hamburg, where we own and operate Europe’s only DRI-EAF facility, we will test not only the ability of hydrogen to reduce the iron-ore and form DRI, but also then test that carbon-free DRI in the EAF in the actual steel-making process.”
Actual metals prices and trends
The Japanese steel plate price gained 0.5% month over month to $834.50 per metric ton as of Oct. 1.
The Korean steel plate price dipped 6.2% to $623.72 per metric ton. Meanwhile, Chinese steel plate fell 0.6% to $623.72 per metric ton.
U.S. steel plate gained 4.3% to $624 per short ton.
Finally, the Chinese neodymium price dropped 3.9% to $64,431.57/metric ton.
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